Australia Proposed Travel Itineraries

Visa Australia

Visa application has never been that simple. It has its very own way and every nation has set guidelines regarding how the process must be done. This short article weighs on the Visa Australia procedure is carried out.

What exactly is eTA Australian Visa and who is it designated for?

Apply for australian visa

ETA is the short form of electronic Travel Authority. It is an online application process that has really minimized the paperwork and also puts the need for sophisticated technology in visa application as well as processing. Another thing is for whom is it? Be of no worry if you are a vacationer trying to take pleasure in the sceneries of Australia. It is intended for holidaymaker who wants to stay in Australia and its limited to just 3 months from the day it’s processed.

Who are able to apply for Australian Visa?

Not everyone from all walks of life can make his way to Australia in the name of globalization or other reason in any way. Based on the rules set out, citizens from stated nations can submit an application for the visa Australia. To apply, you must not be a citizen of Australia and should be a holder of a passport issued by an ETA recognized country or region. When you have lost or by any chance misplaced your passport then as a vacationer you have the obligation to reapply to be issued with new one.

What are the Australia eta visa requirements?

To ensure that the automated system works and one cannot proceed with the application if the prior stage isn’t well completed. The personal information are mandatory and also the first to be entered in to. Therefore the following are a few of the rigid guidelines one must follow prior to the ETA visa is approved. Private information ranging from birth year, gender, to, age. The applicant should have a valid passport with a passport number from a recognized area or country as instructed by the Australian authorities. Other rules are also evident and also to be followed. One should be of excellent character as shown by the various state office. In case you have the Australian government any kind of money you need to pay first. You must meet the wellness criteria established by the Australian authorities if else no eta visa will be given to him. There’s also the scenario of underage who are below the normal age of 18 years the state may act in the best of interest of the kid. Above all be a good and honest visitor.

Australian visa application

Before attempting to apply, make sure that you have a legal passport number. The next step is to apply online. Provide correct information as an applicant. Based on your nationality follow the links provided on the website. You will be provided a reference number if the process was successful. It is prudent to the applicant so it aids him or her keep track of the visa application process.

It calls for utmost levels of patience. Government services are taken slowly to offer the best of interest. Once the information are received the applicant will be notified through the accessible channels of communication as stipulated throughout the application process.

Granting the visa.

After an intensive look at the application, there are three responses to anticipate. First, the Australian visa application was a success and also the visa has been granted. Next, the applicant to wait longer as he has been referred to assessment. Thirdly, to begin the application process afresh at the nearest Australian embassy.

A fee is to be compensated through the various ways as stipulated in the law. For the ETA visa, it is cost-free. If successful the visa contains the visa number, the length of stay as well as the visa conditions that must be put into practice to the latter.

The ETA visa application for Australia is regarded the most innovative in the world.


What You Need to Know Before Booking a Trip to Enchanting Canada

ETA Canadian Visa Application

For individuals from visa-exempt areas, visiting Canada meant having your flight tickets and hopping into the plane. There was nothing difficult concerning going to Canada and there certainly was no need for a Canadian visa application.

On the other hand, the laws have changed. In case you are visiting Canada and you’re from a place that will require a visa to get into the nation, then you definitely still have to accomplish the Canadian visa requirements before you are allowed admission to the country. If you’re from a visa-exempt place, you are going to need to have an electronic Travel Visa (an eTA) for your future trip to Canada – Canadian visa requirements.

What is eTA to Canada

An eTA to Canada, also known as an electronic Travel Visa to Canada is a travel permission that is specifically for people who are touring Canada through air. This is for foreign
people who are from visa exempt nations. This means that as a foreign citizen from a visa-exempt place, though you do not require a Canadian visa application, you will still have to get some permission of some sort before you are able to gain entry into the state. This consent is the eTA. How does the eTA Visa to Canada Work?

The eTA is relevant to the passport of the foreign national and possesses a validity of five years. It also automatically terminates if the passport will become invalid prior to the five-year period comes to end. By having an eTA, you get multiple entry into Canada as many times as you want for short trips. It is vital to convey here that an eTA doesn’t approve automatic access into Canada. Regardless of the fact that you’ve got an eTA you own, you would still be needed to provide the appropriate papers to the officers of the border service.
This signifies that if you would have to accomplish all the requirements to confirm that you are allowed to be in Canada.

Who are able to make application for an Electronic travel authorization to Canada?

There are categories of visitors who need an electronic travel authorization to Canada. The very first category is composed of those travelers who need an eTA and these include people from foreign places that do not need a visa to Canada. Among this category is individuals who are legally citizen in the US. It’s important to note that this group of tourists don’t need an eTA when touring by automobile into Canada. This is just for entry through traveling by plane.

The second category covers some individuals from nations that aren’t visa-exempt. This group may be able to get into Canada by air on merely an eTA, but they will be needing a valid visa if they are coming into the country by other means of travel.

Canadian citizens or those with permanent resident status don’t need to submit an application for an eTA to travel into the country by any means, nevertheless they need valid identification.
People who are not really from visa-exempt nations don’t need an eTA. All that is required for such vacationers is their valid visa as well as travel papers. And needless to say, US citizens are also not necessary to obtain an eTA.

How to make application for eTA Canada

The application procedure is quite easy and must be done on the web. When you are certain that you’ll be going to or via Canada, then you have to complete your online eTA Canada application. Make certain you have all the relevant papers along with you before you begin your application. After you have completed the online form, the next thing is to wait to hear back from the Canadian authorities.


What You Need to Know Before Booking a Trip to Enchanting Egypt

All that you should know about Egypt e-visa

With Egypt being among the ideal travel destinations, as well as a vast number of business opportunities, it is important that the Visa process to be made easier.

The e-visa Egypt is an online travel authorization intended for people that like to pay a visit to Egypt for vacation. This program speeds up the application procedure to acquire new visas. The holidaymakers can choose between a single or multiple-entry visa for Egypt, in accordance with the duration of your visit.

You can have this Egypt e-Visa without going to the embassy, only via a web application. This great new procedure was enforced by the Egyptian authorities.

e-visa Egypt requirements

There are some prerequisites that the tourists ought to take into consideration to be able to obtain the Electronic Travel Authorization to enter Egypt. Here are the most crucial ones:

  • You need to have a valid passport which will not expire for at least 8 months.
  • Only 7 nations are visa-exempt: Malaysia, Bahrain, Hong Kong, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Lebanon, Macao, and the United Arab Emirates.
  • Please be aware that there are many types of visas, so you should see if your nationality is qualified to apply for the electronic visa or for the one to have on arrival.
  • Once you’ve got the verification that you are able to submit an application for an electronic visa, make sure you complete the online form without having mistakes.
  • Utilize your debit or credit card to pay the charge.
  • A main page of your passport is necessary, so be sure you have a scan or picture of it to upload.
  • After you obtain the online visa you need to print a duplicate of it to present it to the Egyptian border.

What you should choose between a single-entry visa or a multiple-entry visa

Whether you’re submitting an application for a Visa on arrival or e-Visa, you have to choose its type. Depending on how you planned your journey, you can make the best choice:

Single-entry Egypt Visa

This type enables a Thirty days stay and are also valid for six months, starting off the issue date. When touring with a group, one person can apply online for all the vacationers, but each of them must complete and also sign their own forms. This doesn’t apply for parents or guardians, who will sign the applications for their young children.

If you plan to pay a visit to the Sinai Red Sea resorts for less than 15 days, you can do this with a visa-exempt stamp you get on arrival. Bear in mind that you’ll need a single entry Visa for the rest of the country, though.

If you are just passing through Egypt and it will require less than 48 hours, you don’t need to have a Visa.

Multiple-entry e-visa Egypt

In the event you made a decision to take some trips to Egypt, you ought to get the multiple-entry one. By doing this you can leave and come back as you please. This type of Visa cannot be received on arrival, so you should request for it beforehand. It will allow you to stay for 30 days maximum throughout a 90 day period, containing multiple entries.

In case you decided to work in Egypt and are in need of a long-term visa, first you must have a multiple-entry one. This will ease your way to apply for a work permit and get back whenever necessary.

Egypt Gallery:


Myanmar – What Every Traveler Needs To Know

Myanmar that is also referred to as Burma is among the world’s most diversified and culturally enriched nations. Rudyard Kipling quoted that,”Myanmar is unlike any other nation on center of the earth”. When you see it you will know it yourself!

This country is well known for its aesthetic view, spiritual profusion and religious sanctity. The areas of appeal and various destinations are all marked with their individual uniqueness and they’re bound to keep you entertained throughout your journey. To visit Myanmar, you can either go for the packed tours that are available or simply plan your own tour to get a rather more private excursion. But if you do not wish to miss a single place of attraction in this country, then packed tours are the best options.

Entire Myanmar has a noticeable effect of religiousness. Buddhism is followed by most individuals or sects. If you are a shopaholic, you could even satisfy your shopping perceptions with a look at those.


Get visa Myanmar online

1. Yangon:

That is where your flight will land when you board to the plane to Myanmar. This is the capital of Myanmar and also the home for global investments. It’s by far the most well-known place of attraction for the tourists. With the progressing days along with also the rising tourist demands, it’s the very best tourist accommodations and restaurants. The resorts are absolutely luxurious and affordable. The restaurants here provide the very best dining facilities in whole Myanmar.

2. Mandalay:

This is also known as the town of gems and is mostly frequented by travelers and tourists throughout the year. This is the location where you can experience the rich culture and art of Myanmar. Mandalay demonstrates the noble culture and heritage of Buddhism. The whole experience at this location is going to keep you overwhelmed and awed for the remainder of your trip!

3. Inle Lake:

This location is famous for its unparalleled beauty and is absolutely a must see for the all the tourists journeying to Myanmar. The Inle Lake redefines beauty. It is a pure display of this exquisite splendor of character. The lake is adorned by hills and the blue sky. The Phaungdawoo Pagoda is a renowned tourist destination for the five sacred Buddha shrines. Other location to see here are Sagar Village and Pindaya.

4. Bagan:

This is a historical town of the Mandalay area of Myanmar. It was the capital of Pagan Kingdom – the kingdom that unified the regions that include modern Myanmar. This place is famous for its lacquer ware that has excellent artistic worth. Their lacquer ware is quite mild and water tight. This area was home for several ancient royal people who used to hide their ornaments and gems here.


Rethinking High School

How we educate high school students in the U.S. needs to change. Our high schools are no longer relevant to the needs of 21st century learners and the system must be restructured.

The early college program also reduces the amount of actual time it will take a student to complete a degree by one year, which could provide one extra year of potential income in their lifetime

This restructuring will allow students to choose from a variety of new study options. The days of “one size fits all” for secondary education services are coming to a close – it is now about providing students with a “customized” course of study in their pursuit of a high school diploma. Students should have a choice among the traditional high school model, a community high-school model (a hybrid between traditional and online instruction), and an early-college model that will allow students to graduate with both a high school diploma and an Associate’s degree by taking a fifth year of high school.Central to all three high school study options, or combination of options, is an intensive focus on making each learner’s secondary school experience a successful one (particularly at the freshman level), and offering ubiquitous student access to the Internet both in school and at home (using a variety of mobile computing devices). A synopsis of each program option required in a restructured high school include:Freshman AcademyResearch has shown that the transition between middle and high school is one of the most difficult developmental challenges a person faces in life. Students who are not successful in 9th grade are six times more likely to drop out before completing high school compared to their peers. The reasons for such a high failure rate include a variety of student factors upon entering high school:- Physically and emotionally changing;- Different setting with different expectations and experiences;- Moving from a school environment designed to nurture children to one thatis designed to produce independent young adults;- Academics are more challenging;- Young teenagers are immersed with older teens.A Freshman Academy helps to ameliorate these potential problems and issues by creating a “school within a school” environment as part of the larger high school student population.

Personal devices can enhance and enrich learning opportunities both at home and at school

This is done by clustering 9th grade teaching teams and classrooms together, and utilizing group of upper classmen that will provide peer support. The program ensures that teachers have adequate student-focused common planning time and engage in cross-curricular instruction. Parent involvement and peer mentoring are also key components of the Academy.Bring Your Own Device (BYOD)Technology plays a large role in our students’ lives today. Personal devices can enhance and enrich learning opportunities both at home and at school. High schools today must be committed to allowing responsible, learning-centered use of personal devices at school so as to provide as many pathways to understanding and learning as possible for students.

These students will complete a traditional six-year college education (four years of high school and two years of community college) in only five years, thereby accelerating their baccalaureate and/or graduate degrees

Access to robust wireless networks is vital to student success these days using a variety of mobile computing devices. These devices can be either school-provided or personal laptops, tablets, or smart phone; however access to the Internet must be filtered to be in compliance with the Children’s Internet Protection Act (CIPA). Access from a personal device should be primarily for Internet use, but students can be given access to their own email account and document folder on the school’s network server.For purposes of allowing students ubiquitous access to the Internet for instructional purposes, “technology” means a privately-owned wireless and/or portable electronic hand-held equipment that includes, but is not limited to: existing and emerging mobile communication systems and smart technologies, portable Internet devices, hand-held entertainment systems or portable information technology systems that can be used for word processing, wireless Internet access, image capture/recording, sound recording, and information transmitting / receiving/storing.Hybrid Community High SchoolThe creation of a hybrid community high school, in addition to traditional high, merges traditional and online learning into one customizable secondary education program. This hybrid is particularly attractive to students who do not do well in the traditional high school setting, such students at-risk of academic failure, gifted students, or students who are just plain bored and need something different. This merger results in one, united flexible-program high school for “non-traditional” high school students who, for one reason or another, would prefer to complete many of their required credits online instead of in the classroom.Every student attending the hybrid program receives a graduation plan during their enrollment period that best meets their individual needs. To ensure that students have the best opportunity for success with a program of this sort, a mandatory three-week (15 day) orientation is required of all new students designed to prepare them for independent online work using an online curriculum (such as e2020), while the faculty assesses each student’s strengths and weaknesses.In my school district, students are required to complete a series of in-classroom courses that include: Career Cruising, Effective Note-Taking Study Skills, and Strategies for Academic Success before being placed in one of three tiers that allow for independent work online anywhere, any place, and at any time. Each tier is designed to offer a customized blend of in-school support with a student-centered approach to providing educational services online on the student’s terms, not the staff’s terms. Students are assigned to an instructional track based on in-class performance, online attendance and activity, grades, and level of self-motivation after they complete orientation.Students are reevaluated at the end of every session, at which time they may be assigned to a new instructional tier based on the above criteria. Tier 1 students are required to attend class five days per week, receiving the most in-class support and supervision. Tier 2 students receive in-school instruction 2 to 4 days per week. Tier 3 students need only attend school one day per week. In all three tiers, students are able to work an unlimited number of hours at home and have access to e2020 courses 24 hours per day. All students have access to teacher support via email or phone. Additionally, students in the hybrid community high school program must have access to the regular high school program and allowed to take courses there and participate in the full range of extracurricular programs alongside their traditional high-school peers.Early College ProgramIt is widely accepted that a majority of today’s jobs, eight or nine of every 10, require education beyond a high-school diploma. It is also known from U.S. Census data that most adults in the U.S. have not yet completed a two or four year degree. Although nearly 70% of high-school graduates start some college classes, only about 20% actually complete a degree. One significant problem today is that many students find that completing a college degree is difficult because of the many conflicting financial and time commitment priorities they face in today’s economy. A successful pathway to a college degree now requires a coordinated collaboration among high school, college, family, and community partners.In my school district in Michigan, we have developed an early college program for a cohort of 50 committed students who agree to a rigorous academic program beginning in the 11th grade and continuing in a dual-enrollment program with a local community college through a 13th year in order to obtain both a High School Diploma and an Associate’s Degree. The program also provides an occupational track for students who wish to pursue a one year Certificate or Associates degree in a skill based area of technology, health, or business.The cost of tuition for obtaining the Associate’s degree is paid by the school district, which utilizes it’s per pupil state aid payments to fully fund the program. There are very little out-of-pocket costs to the students. The savings on two full years of college tuition alone is estimated to range from $8,000 to $50,000 and beyond. The early college program also reduces the amount of actual time it will take a student to complete a degree by one year, which could provide one extra year of potential income in their lifetime. This earning opportunity value could range anywhere from $25,000 to $80,000 or more, depending on the student’s degree. Although textbook expenses are covered, some personal transportation costs will be the obligation of the student; although bus service between our high school and the community college is provided free of charge.Early college students are enrolled in both high school and college for grades 11, 12, and 13. These students will complete a traditional six-year college education (four years of high school and two years of community college) in only five years, thereby accelerating their baccalaureate and/or graduate degrees.Students with the Associate’s Degree are eligible transfer to most colleges and universities throughout the country. Because the first two years of tuition will be paid for by the school district, the student eligibility for sports scholarships, academic scholarships, and/or Pell grants will be extended to the year following the 13th year. Students do not lose eligibility for opportunities for college scholarships or federal financial aid because of their participation in our early college program.Students who may not wish to pursue a Bachelor’s degree program are eligible to enter into a career program that provides employable skills while earning credits toward an Associate’s Degree or completion of a Certificate in the field of technology, computer occupations, nursing, and health/medical areas. Those obtaining an Associate’s Degree in any the community college’s technical/career program are eligible to transfer to universities or colleges that have approved Bachelor degree agreements with the community college for their specific area of study.Through a unique partnership, counselors from both our high school and the community college provide services to early college students that support them throughout high school and their 13th year.SummaryBy rethinking how high school instruction is delivered, American secondary education can begin offering a truly customizable to its students. In so doing, we can produce high school and Associate’s degree graduates with a comprehensive set of critical thinking and tech-savvy skills that will serve our country well as these students compete for the new jobs in our global economy.

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School and Community

My career in education as teacher, coach, and administrator, in various types of schools, has given me significant and comprehensive experience in the academic, athletic, and business arena. I have a background in parochial, public, Quaker, and nonsectarian single sex and coed schools. These include very small schools of 100+ students to very large schools of over 900 students.

Schools must provide programs and opportunities that can involve all community members during the course of the year

Through these experiences, I have gained an appreciation for different approaches to the educational process and the management of educational institutions. Some schools focused on discipline, others on academics, while still others on athletics or the arts. Some schools were well endowed and in a strong position fiscally while others were struggling to meet costs and raise funds. Others had a clear mission and vision while some were trying to determine what kind of institution they wanted to be.However, regardless of the focus or position of the school, what I believe was always of great importance and high necessity was a solid and firm sense of community. The schools that I felt would survive and thrive, and where I felt most attached, were the schools where the culture fostered a strong feeling of togetherness, family, and community. When the Head of School, teachers, administrators, and Board at these institutions worked tirelessly to encourage a communal atmosphere, the school prospered on most levels and was able to focus on its core mission and vision. A collaborative effort from all involved was needed to initiate and sustain this level of teamwork and community.

A teacher’s mission is to assist children with their intellectual, spiritual, emotional, and physical development, as well as encourage students to help each other

Therefore, to accomplish this task, it is necessary to understand the impact and contribution of the many dimensions making up the community.First, are the families, beginning with the students. It is vitally important every student feel that the school is a place of comfort and safety. A place where they can be themselves, explore themselves, share themselves and, at the same time, be a part of something bigger than themselves. As a teacher or administrator, developing a solid relationship with the students is critical. Some students spend 7 to 10 hours a day at school, so it is important for both teachers and administrators to nurture that relationship. That’s nearly one-third of the day spent at our institutions and the main reason why our schools need to be communal.

Part of sustaining an institution means having a certain level of transparency from the administration, specifically the Head of School

Every student must feel accepted and supported during the best and worst of times. They need to know they are being treated like a unique person, then as a student. When a student realizes a school is a haven for the positive, there is nothing they will not do to help maintain that feeling, enhance the community, and, simply, be the best person they can be.Within this type of community, students feel valued and respected. They are engaged, expressing their opinions positively and openly, while attempting creative problem solving. Students are appreciated and celebrated for their individuality, taught to listen to themselves as well as listen attentively, thoughtfully and reasonably to the ideas and opinions of others. This can only be achieved if the students have the feeling of belonging. And that feeling of belonging can only take hold if the community is one where there is a conscious effort to establish and promote it.Parents are an integral part of the community. Obviously, their support in many ways is critical to a school’s culture and sustainability. In the same way a school strives to make every student feel welcome and safe, the institution must make the same effort in regards to the parents. In a school of any size, the diversity of the parent body could be vast. Different cultures, religions, nationalities, and other preferences are all present in our schools. From those who can afford to pay the high tuition without financial aid, to those who qualify for almost full need, to those caught in the middle, they are all part of a school community. It is, therefore, incumbent upon the school to assure that all families feel supported and have the opportunity to become involved.All too often, schools forget those families who cannot take time off from work to come to school events or serve on committees. Schools must provide programs and opportunities that can involve all community members during the course of the year. This, again, needs to be a conscious effort by the school. Whether it’s through the parent’s association, the athletic department, or the Board of Trustees, every single family must have some chance to participate and/or have their voice heard.When people can converse, barriers are broken down, stereotypes are demystified, and insight replaces misconceptions. This strengthens the school as a community, allowing the needed interaction amongst the various constituents. This interaction is always a good thing for without it, factions can form which could destroy the very fabric and cohesiveness of an institution.Teachers direct the engine of the school. Just as the executive chef manages the engine of a successful restaurant, the kitchen, the teachers manage the classroom. The teacher’s classroom prepares the food of learning. Having numerous years of experience in the classroom, I clearly understand the need for passionate teachers in the community. A passionate teacher has the welfare of the student at his/her core and the ability to encourage students to learn through doing. A teacher’s mission is to assist children with their intellectual, spiritual, emotional, and physical development, as well as encourage students to help each other. This helps create a community that builds its foundation on a strong, safe, welcoming, and nurturing environment.Teachers are the heart of the school. When that heart is beating strongly, it means the teachers are invested. They have been involved in decision making, had their opinions heard and generally, had a level of transparency from the administration that allows them to fully understand the vision and mission of the school. This support and level of trust is imperative to a strong and creative educational environment.The administrators of a school are the leaders of the institution. They must be a group where risk taking and thinking creatively is encouraged for everyone. An institution must not only provide stimulation for the entire community to discover and implement creative solutions and ideas, but also the motivation to aspire to something higher and better. People perform best when they take personal ownership of their surroundings and situations. To achieve this, effective delegation of both authority and responsibility must be part of the equation.The administration allows members of the community to learn to be effective learners and contributors and, more importantly, leaders. This is not to say that the lead administrator, the Head of School, is totally hands-off. However, this approach allows the Head a greater freedom and flexibility to oversee the entire community, and act as a coach and mentor, leading through effective and positive influence, yet clearly recognizing that the ultimate responsibility for all decisions in an institution rests at the top.Given the above, this next point has become extremely important to every independent school, as well as most business institutions. While I believe the sense of community is vastly important to the success of a school, none of the aforementioned areas will be possible unless the school is fiscally responsible and sustainable. Most schools have become complex financial enterprises, needing to be strategic in their approach both in how they spend money and how they raise money.Marketing, positioning, branding, consumer mentality, accountability and a whole host of other business-like terms have found their way into reports and procedures as the process and expense of operating a school has changed and increased. Maintenance, food, books, insurance, and salaries have all increased over the years. Higher tuitions are coupled with the need for increased financial assistance, becoming a high priority as we witness the need to help families afford these fine educational communities. Schools, especially independent schools, face the challenge of being financially sustainable while meeting the challenges of maintaining quality programs, good teachers, and the diversity of the community.To assist in keeping a school sustainable, the importance of developing that sense of community is vital. Part of sustaining an institution means having a certain level of transparency from the administration, specifically the Head of School. I believe it is extremely important that the various constituents of the school community fully understand the state of the school. Without the knowledge of the state of the school, members develop their own ideas which may or may not be accurate.However, when people have accurate information and can make educated decisions, they will do what is necessary to stabilize and strengthen the school. It becomes a collaborative effort to design, implement, and promote the mission, vision, and culture of the school. It’s an expanded, cohesive concept of “advancement” and everyone from the development office to the business office to the parent’s association to the Board of Trustees, become focused on the single task of building a cooperative, sustainable community. When the academic, financial, demographic, and global dimensions of the school are clearly identified and understood, I believe there is very little that will encumber a school. Schools are complex, exciting, and interesting places.The challenge of building a school community is an ongoing process. Each year, it is incumbent upon the school to take a close look at how it is achieving this goal. I’ve always looked forward to working in a school community that creates an atmosphere where conversation and inquiry can occur, and initiatives and challenges are resolved in a productive and collaborative way. A school where the leadership is grounded in moral foundations that project positive influence and motivation, scholarly stimulation, and personalized reflection, is a school where exciting and authentic pursuits and changes occur. It is also a school where the culture promotes what I call a “HIP” environment- Honesty, Integrity, Passion. The school culture instills these values in their students and community and they are empowered for life.In any institution, there is always work to be done. We must always strive to engage in and collectively pursue that which makes us feel more relevant and committed to the overall task at hand. With a solid mission, a clear vision and a leader of high moral and ethical character, that goal can be accomplished.

Bob Thomas is a former admissions and financial aid administrator in independent schools. He was also a classroom teacher for 25 years. He has taught all levels from elementary through college. If you have any questions concerning independent schools, contact Bob.


The Exceptional Qualities of a School Principal

The School Principal should possess special qualities of being a leader. These qualities will determine him/her of his/her qualifications in managing his/her people in the school vineyard. Without these extra-ordinary strengths or qualities of the school leader, he/she should not be worthy of his/her job as school leaders.

These qualities are as follows:a) Transparency
The School Principal should first be transparent in his/her work as school leader

This might be the reasons why there are school leaders who fail to functions successfully in their job as School Principal. If only all of School Leaders have the exceptional skills or qualities of being a leader, then we are absolutely sure that our educational system is on the way to standard and excellence.Being the leader of an educational institution, the School Principal has to possess remarkable qualities which make him/her superb among others in an organization. These qualities are as follows:a) Transparency
The School Principal should first be transparent in his/her work as school leader. He/She should have the clean conscience of facing the night and day with all the honesty inside and outside of himself/herself. The one that has the drive to teach his/her people to bring back the value of honesty because he/ she is a model of such virtue. Before the School Principal could mandate honesty and transparency among his/her people, he/she should be a paragon of such virtue for others to follow. The old adage “Honesty is the best Policy” is used by the Department of Education (DepEd) as a living reminder to all school leaders in the educational vineyard.

I even told her once ” I am sure you are not sleeping Ma’am because every slits and slats of the school issues and concerns you have all the prepared solutions”

Posting this adage to every classroom in the school cascades the virtue of honesty from the school leader to the students. For that, transparency becomes the aftermath of honesty which the school leader should possess.b) Good Visionary
The School Principal should visualize about the future of the school. This kind of special quality is considered an exceptional one because not all of us can have a good visionary gift. He or she can be a fortune- teller who could guess what happen in the future. But unlike the fortune- teller, the School Principal can guess what will happen in a month or year to come through his/ her anticipating skills, decision- making skills, extra-sensory skill and through his/her experience. My School Principal almost never sleep for the night because even she is about to sleep or even she is already sleeping, she is still bringing with her the plans and the future of her school.

These are only few instances of the risk- taking decisions of School Principal in his/her journey of leadership

I even told her once ” I am sure you are not sleeping Ma’am because every slits and slats of the school issues and concerns you have all the prepared solutions”. She replied “We should always dream. We have to dream big, bigger than our dream!” To prove that, while others including me were already snoring in the deepest silent night, she sent text messages to our cellphones about instructions of our job as coordinators, teaching personnel even to PTA officers of the school. That is a school principal’s additional quality to ponder with.c) Risk Taker
Another quality of a school leader is being a risk taker not for himself/herself but for his/her constituents. The best leader is the one who tries to cross the unchartered seas and see for himself what lies beyond. This is another exceptional skill of being a leader. Most of the educational leaders are obedient and they conform to the norm of the department. But among those many, someone has to be brave enough to wave his might and risk his job just for the improvement of his/her school and people. The very good example of how the School Principal is risking his career is his/her decision to divert funds for another projects. This is a violation of department’s policy. But sometimes, a leader should do the diversion for school improvement and students’ academic improvement too. The School Principal’s role is not really an easy one because if his/ her decision won’t give the right outcomes, then he/she would find himself/herself in jail. However, many of the School Leaders become successful because they have with them the quality of being a risk taker. They are taking risks in their abrupt decision on matters of immediate solution to a problem. Example to this is sending to hospital an ailing student or a student who meets an accident inside the school premises without parent’s permit. Another is to report to Department of Social Worker and Development (DSWD) personnel of student’s case of parental abuse and to uniformed men of drug addiction problem. These are only few instances of the risk- taking decisions of School Principal in his/her journey of leadership.d) An Eye and Heart for his/her People
The School Principal should capitalize his/her own personnel. He/She should know who his /her potential personnel are. He/She should not leave those non-performing ones but tries to think of remedies/ solutions in making these people in his/her vineyard the best as possible. While giving better opportunities to those the performing ones, best challenges or opportunities will also be given to the later. Aside from that, the School leader should think of what joy, comfort, reward, incentives and award he/she could exhaust from his/her leadership for the betterment of his/her human capital. The feeling of self-awareness of people’s emotion should be profoundly considered by School Principal in order that the harmonious relationship exists within the organization. School Principal should accept his/her weakness and should listen to his/her people so that everyone has a place in an organization. By this, School Principal should not have only an eye for the school problems but an eye for his/her people’s potentials, emotions and needs.Do you have these exceptional qualities? Then, you are now a sure candidate for school principal’s job.

SUSAN TAN APAREJO is a Master Teacher II of Gingoog City Comprehensive National High School. She is also a College Instructor, and a Research Consultant.


Crisis Communication Teams in Schools

The possibility of having new businesses move to town to provide more jobs is linked to the success of public schools. Simply put, the crisis communication team, which extends across the entire staff, happens to be an essential part of an American community.When one works for a large school system, the ways of the school become acculturated in the individual. This does not necessarily happen the first year, and a novice will probably make a few mistakes along the way.

Every unit plays an essential role

Using the chain of command as well as diplomacy when dealing with crisis situations that involve the American public schools will help everyone attain a positive outcome in the long run. This article aims to help communicators understand the many crisis situations that can occur in the public school systems located in the United States. Since they serve a wide range of people, almost anything can happen and it’s best to be prepared beforehand.Testing practices are very important and one possible crisis situation could occur when something goes wrong during the administration of a test. Extended test time, cheating, or nonstandard testing are all possible occurrences that would cause a crisis situation. Test administrators are directed to report any abnormalities immediately. Testing crises have occurred throughout the state and sometimes they have even appeared in the news when there was no foundation for the accusations. Almost anything can become a crisis in testing–such as, for example, when a child reports that he or she had a couple of extra minutes to take a test. Throughout the country, the worst accusations have been made when teachers have been accused of changing the answers on the test.

Test administrators are directed to report any abnormalities immediately

This is one possible crisis situation that is always on the back of the curriculum director’s mind.In one Georgian county in the early 2000s, a teacher taped her students’ lips together during a classroom game. Although the teacher thought it was a fun game, that situation evoked a publicity crisis and caused the Department of Social Services to have to conduct an investigation. It was very embarrassing for the county schools, and the teacher had to be moved to a new location. She was fortunate not to have been fired for such behavior, but she was well-liked by her peers and by students.

They, too, should be provided with detailed maps of schools in both paper and PDF forms

Perhaps the author of this paper would have dismissed her permanently.Other obstacles that a school system could encounter are those of terrorism, a lone gunman, an angry parent, bullying, natural disasters including tornadoes, storms, earthquakes, and other unforeseen accusations in the news. Abuse of students and staff, even death due to natural causes are some possibilities. One year, a student died during a soccer game due to an undiagnosed heart condition. This exemplified how unexpected crises can take place from one moment to the next in a large organization. The school staff needs to have a plan in place in order to discuss these crises with the public in a humane and caring manner that will not ruin the reputation of the school system.The stakeholders are the people who are most interested in the success of the schools. Stakeholders also benefit from the schools’ successes. They have an ongoing investment in our educational institutions and care about what happens. Not all stakeholders are the same because they are affected differently, but some of the most important stakeholders are the company’s customers who have the special rights of clients. Both customers and employees have an interest in the organization’s success. From one perspective, the employee’s interest can be seen as a little selfish because if things do not go well, there is always the possibility of a massive layoff of staff. This means that employees need to give good service to customers who include students, parents, and local businesses. People who have invested money in the school, those who have given gifts or tax money (the taxpayers, themselves), are also stakeholders because they want to see that their donations are wisely invested, well appropriated, and that they help young students. People who promote our schools and who dream of our schools’ successes are also stakeholders. The ones who drive the buses and the ones who teach the lessons have invested their time and, thus, are valuable stakeholders to be considered as well as respected.The governors of the various states are, without a doubt, major stakeholders. One might go even as far as to say the President of the United States and the federal government itself are stakeholders. Anyone who is involved in the politics of the states and who has power in public education cares about what becomes of the American public schools.Each year, we compare tests between various counties within the states, and we compare tests between various states in the nation to determine which states are performing well, despite the fact that we know there are many other factors–other than testing–that demonstrate that a student has had an effective education. Although there is more to education than testing (like learning to analyze the world), testing is still looming over education’s crisis management field.Parents and students themselves will always be essential stakeholders. Most parents want their children to have an effective education that will bring them much success in the future. More than anything else, parents want to know that their children are safe and protected in the schools. Parents care about the video system installed in the schools to see what goes on during the day, to ensure children’s safety, and they also care about having emergency plans in place to deter criminals from endangering children. Furthermore, the fear of guns and arms looms over the schools.Therefore, police are stationed in the schools to protect each and every campus. Of course, the police are both stakeholders and an essential part of crisis management teams.Perhaps the public schools have more risk issues and situations to deal with than any other entity. Schools deal with taking care of homeless families, even with spiritual and moral issues of the community. Therefore, the crisis management team must be as flexible as possible (and open-minded) to be able to help people from various cultures, from various ethnicities, and even from various spiritualities. In order to assess all the risks, our school crisis management teams must brainstorm to come up with a list of all possible occurrences. We need input from all members of the community, including the Islamic community, the Christians, the Hindus, as well as many others. One of the best resources that we can use to imagine what crises could befall our community is the newspaper (through research of the news in general). The news provides excellent documentation of crisis situations and how they have been handled by other school systems as well as how, in some instances, the law punished people who were responsible for man-made crises.Some of the issues that have occurred in other schools throughout the country have included: nepotism, money laundering, buying services for rewards, abuse of teachers by students, abuse of students by teachers, students carrying weapons to school, drugs and alcohol, gangs, sexting, bullying (staff-to-staff and student-to-student bullying and more), depression, heart attack, death, sport-injuries, missing persons, rape, cheating, automobile accidents, delinquency, unfair hiring practices, discrimination, tornadoes, and other natural disasters. It is evident that all schools have much to contend with from year to year, and those who are on the crisis management team have to remain calm, cool, and collect for the sake of the greater good.We cannot (nor do we want) to have complete control over the family lives and the personal lives of students who come into the schools. As a large crisis management team working in unison, school systems will do their best to protect students and to report any dangers to the Departments of Social Services immediately as needed to protect students. The safety of all involved is of utmost importance!When it comes to the reputation of our organizations, school systems must insist that all teachers and staff have high moral ethics. Everyone must take a short course in ethics, read the rules of ethics, and even sign a promise to be ethical staff members. Otherwise, he or she will have his or her certificate revoked. Ethics means different things to different people, but to a teacher it means treating others with love and respect.No matter how important the standardized test scores are in order to receive federal or state funding, there is no excuse for cheating on tests or for committing other unethical testing practices. Should one become aware of such practice, he or she must report the incident immediately to his or her administrator. Otherwise, he or she risks termination and revocation of American teacher certification. The whistle-blowers who report cheating are protected under the law and should report to the next highest member of their teams. Strict adherence to ethical and honest behavior is of the essence! There should be a map showing the chain of command, and this map should be provided to all individuals who make up part of the crisis communication teams in public schools.All media organizations are critical to our educational community. Anything that happens in the public schools, no matter where in the nation, becomes scrutinized by readers and listeners who follow the media. For instance, a kindergarten teacher in another county was recently murdered in her home by her mother-in-law who did not agree with a custody order. This became a top news story. Since the deceased woman was a kindergarten teacher, this news impacted her students in a negative manner. Therefore, it was appropriate for that county to utilize the counseling staff to see if kindergarten children needed extra psychological support. (Perhaps, the murderer did not consider the negative impact that her actions would have had on the kindergartners as well as her own grandchildren.)With such a broad community in the American public schools, from time to time they will be in the media for positive or negative reasons; therefore, it is also essential to provide the media with positive and uplifting news on an ongoing basis, especially since schools have more uplifting news and triumphs by their students then they have negative news. The school’s crisis management team mustn’t neglect promoting all of the good things that are taking place in the educational community.Students often win national competitions in music, in visual arts, and in dance. They receive scholarships to colleges for academic and sports performance. Students and teachers often donate food to help the poor, and they do other nice things for the community. Many a time, there are international art shows with art by students across the globe. There is so much more going on to demonstrate excellence in the schools, and it is the responsibility of the crisis communications team to make certain that this is evident. In fact, showing the world all the good things that are going on in our schools stimulates more goodness from the rest of the world!Our American schools promote teacher training, educational opportunities, job opportunities, and visiting speakers through excellent websites that are updated continuously by technology teams. Pages are dedicated to urgent notices such as school closings, when there is snow or bad weather. In the case of an emergency, a fire or other threat, technology teams will make the news immediately available to the community. The police, another essential facet of the crisis management team, will give directions to the public by means of the news media in addition to making announcements on websites.Crisis management teams must be well structured. Every unit plays an essential role. The role of the superintendent of schools is to interpret data and to make strategic decisions as to whether a crisis should be reported to the public. Crises may be man-made or the result of nature. Regardless, the superintendent is at the top of the chain of command where he or she must be the first to know about the issues, especially if the crises are potentially dangerous to children, staff, or any other members of the community. The second in the chain of command consists of assistant superintendents who report directly to the superintendent of schools. These assistant superintendents work as teams, and each one has to be assigned to specific schools. Assistant superintendents travel to various campuses to meet with principals and with assistant principals as needed regarding any crises that might occur. Furthermore, they try to anticipate future crises, informing both teachers and principals of potential issues throughout the year.The school principals, as the third in the chain of command, are responsible for carrying out orders by the superintendent of schools. People who are underneath them in the chain of command should report any complaints and concerns to them. Principals decide if a crisis is of a serious enough nature to be reported to the superintendent of schools. They are also responsible for drafting letters that will be sent to parents, in some cases by snail-mail and, in other cases, by email.Teachers carry out orders given to them by the principals. Any suspicions they have should be reported immediately to the principals. Issues regarding student abuse or neglect must be reported immediately, both to principals and to social workers, regardless of anyone else’s lack of response or excuses. In fact, if anyone fails to report abuse or danger, he or she risks losing teacher licensing as well as his or her job.The assistant principals are regularly responsible for an emergency-preparedness program which includes, but is not limited to, fire drills, disaster drills, and other drills. In the event of an unforeseen disaster, both the principal and the assistant principals are in charge of giving directions as to what students and teachers should do. A color coding system can be implemented so that assistant principals can convey messages to teachers without alarming students and without revealing the messages to potential invaders.Social workers are not necessarily obligated to report what they discover to the superintendent of schools, but they are required to report all incidences of abuse and neglect to the State Department of Children’s Services and in some cases to the local police for further investigation. Social service employees are also required to report any teachers, principals, and staff members who fail to report abuse and neglect.Teachers are responsible for their classrooms. By law, they are required to report any cases of child abuse and neglect directly to social service workers as well as to the principal and the assistant principal. Teachers should also report natural disasters directly to their supervisors, including principals and assistant principals who will in turn report directly to the superintendent of schools. This chain of command must be strictly followed unless there is some impediment to getting the message to one’s immediate supervisor.The media relations department is essential to members of the crisis response team. Furthermore, this department is an important stakeholder. It has to be proactive to give our schools a positive image as the school consults directly with the superintendent to prepare articles for the paper and for the television media. The media relations department reports to the police and serves as an extra support to explain the various crises to the community.The school police are officers stationed on campus who are responsible for removing any weapons that might be brought on campus by students or parents. They have the authority to arrest anyone on campus who breaks the law or who endangers the community. School police utilize special dogs to help them do inspections to find drugs.Victim service specialists assist victims of abuse. They can assist victims of spousal abuse or of family abuse, homeless people and victims of natural disasters. Counselors and school psychologists actively listen to students and respect their opinions in times of need. They work with families to find solutions. Psychologists conduct testing on campus to determine the needs of students while they also challenge any inconsistencies in what students say and do.The technology department is responsible for sending email messages that have been approved by the superintendent to the rest of the community, to the news media, and to other individuals on a case-by-case basis. Meanwhile, nurses administer medication and help determine if students need to be sent home or to the hospital. Local emergency departments play a pivotal role in times of disaster and should be provided with detailed maps of all of schools. Likewise, firemen play another essential role and will immediately respond in the event of an emergency or disaster. They, too, should be provided with detailed maps of schools in both paper and PDF forms.Parents’ and Teachers’ associations are essential stakeholders that help get additional community support. These groups are important for voting on issues that pertain to both to students and to potential crises. Having the support of stakeholders, such as the parents and teachers, simplifies the jobs of the crisis communication team as these people have the power to help prevent unnecessary emergencies.Running a large school system impacts the lives of so many precious children and is a tremendous responsibility that needs to be taken seriously. The mission and vision of the crisis communication team is that of ensuring that all children will have an enjoyable and pleasant learning experience while receiving nutritious meals in a safe and stimulating environment. These crisis communication teams should consider every possible eventuality and to try to protect precious students from any unexpected eventualities.One of the best things that the crisis communications team can do is to implement a drill before a crisis occurs. A team cannot be effective unless it practices first. This will lead to a walk-through, and all parties will regularly participate on a larger scale drill. Such preparedness, in addition to solid ethics, is a step in the right direction. Preparation is the key to success in emergencies that afflict our public schools, and he crisis communication team is ready to protect the community.

Laura Gail Sweeney is a writer, educator, and life coach.


How Do Schools Buy?

We often get asked about buying patterns in schools, about the whole procurement process in schools, about how schools buy. The answer is straightforward – all schools and departments buy in different ways. Dependant on who your target is in the school will depend on how they buy, and therefore how you target them, how often you market to them, and how you deal with them in the long term.Let’s take a few examples of different types of schools and school buyers and examine how each group buys from the private sector.

So, if you are a catering supplier who previously had the mammoth (and potentially lucrative) task of becoming an approved local authority supplier, you are now able to go directly to the school to deal with them

Academies – academy schools are only prevalent in England and have grown significantly in number over the last 5 years. The key thing to remember when looking at how academy schools buy is that they are free from local authority control. Academy schools can make their own purchasing decisions on things like catering facilities and grounds maintenance. So, if you are a catering supplier who previously had the mammoth (and potentially lucrative) task of becoming an approved local authority supplier, you are now able to go directly to the school to deal with them. Although the contracts may be smaller they are potentially easier to obtain. Academy schools buy in a different way, therefore, to many other types of school who are under the guidance of the local authority.Independent schools – independent schools buy from the public sector as they see fit.

Indeed budget holders within schools buy in a variety of different ways, according to their needs and their budgets

The clue is in the name, and we will focus here on fee paying schools. They follow the national curriculum like all other schools, but beyond that independent schools are just that – independent. They choose which pupils they take in, they choose which teachers they employ, which subjects they offer, and most importantly, what they buy. Independent schools will almost always have a Bursar or Business Manager whose job it is to oversee the procurement process, and who would often be the first point of contact for any private sector looking to sell to independent schools. The second thing to note about how independent schools buy is that their annual budgets are much less strict. Public sectors schools buy according to a fixed budget, if they don’t spend it all they can be penalised the following year. As independent schools are run as commercial operations, this is not the case.

If your product or service is aimed at these school buyers, then you should consider marketing to them at key budget intervals, such as the beginning and end of the school year

They set their own budgets, which means these schools buy all year round, so you can sell to them all year round.Maintenance staff – maintenance staff in schools buy according to a long term need, rather than the here and now. These school staff buy based on a long term requirement, and will often use the same supplier over and over again on fixed length contracts. Examples might be maintenance contracts they have with alarm companies, CCTV suppliers or gardening businesses. These can be potentially lucrative contracts to win as budget will be allocated to you for a couple of years rather than a one off payment for a one off supply. All schools buy these facilities and contracts from third party suppliers, and here a longer term view is required. You may not be able to knock on the facilities managers door and become the new alarm contractor, but a steady process of relationship building and a good inbound marketing strategy will help you win contracts with these school buyers.Heads of department – heads of departments in schools buy according to a set budget, but unlike maintenance managers who will have long term contracts, these staff buy based on a fixed budget and a current need. They are more likely to buy school textbooks and learning resources according to current demand and current supply. Offering a head of department in a school the chance to buy a new book or a new interactive resource is far easier than trying to get a grounds manager to replace the CCTV system. If your product or service is aimed at these school buyers, then you should consider marketing to them at key budget intervals, such as the beginning and end of the school year. These buyers will always look to allocate 100% of their budget in order that it is maintained the following year and so these departments’ heads in schools buy according to what they need now.In brief, schools buy in a variety of different ways. Indeed budget holders within schools buy in a variety of different ways, according to their needs and their budgets. It is worth considering therefore, who is your target, how do they go about making buying decisions, and what is the most effective way to become a supplier to them. is the largest online portal helping schools buy and private sector enterprises sell to schools.


Charter Schools: Whether or Not They’re Part of the Problem or Solution and 19+ Should-Know Facts

As you read on, keep these facts in mind:• The 2015 Kids Count report found that children living in poverty jumped from 18% to 22% between 2008 and 2013.• According to the 2013 U.S.

There is no requirement that board members live in the community or answer to parents

Census Bureau, the child poverty rate among African-Americans was 39%.• In 2103, 48% of African-American children and 37% of Latino children had no parent working a full-time, year-round job.• The Economic Policy Institute finds that, by age of 14, 25% of African-American children have had a parent-typically a dad-imprisoned; on any given day, 10% of them have had a parent in jail or prison, and that’s 4 times more than in 1980.Now on to the charter vs. traditional public school controversy…By the 1960s and 70s, innovative schools were opening in such cities as Philadelphia and Chicago. Then in 1988, Albert Shanker, as president of the American Federation of Teachers, spoke about the meagre 20% of students benefitting from a traditional public education. His solution: charter schools, “where teachers would be given the opportunity to draw upon their expertise to create high-performing educational laboratories from which the traditional public schools could learn.

More than 50% of charter students are black and Latino and hail predominantly from urban centers

“That was the intent, the promise, and, in 1992, the first true charter school, City Academy High School, opened its doors in St. Paul, Minnesota.In the following years, charter schools found advocates in both Presidents Clinton and G.W.

Charters are not subject to the same regulations as traditional public schools

Bush, but it took Obama to make it a federal school reform priority and included it as an application incentive in his $4.35 billion Race to the Top grant program.Now, Donald Trump is at the helm, and his controversial Secretary of Education Betsy DeVos is a vocal charter school champion.Indeed, her resume includes serving as chairman of the American Federation for Children (AFC). Describing itself as “the nation’s leading school choice advocacy group,” it boasts that it’s “a national leader in the fight to boldly reform America’s broken education system.”Nevertheless and as an aside, a 2016 Gallup survey found that 76% of parents are “broadly satisfied with the education their oldest child receives;” 36% are “completely satisfied.”Meanwhile, the AFC site further states, “The American Federation for Children is breaking down barriers to educational choice by creating an education revolution that empowers parents to choose the best educational environment for their children, so all children, especially low-income children, have access to a quality education.”And that, say charter advocates, is the whole point-the ability to offer parents alternative school settings for their children, ones that are innovative, competitive, and accountable. Moreover, unlike traditional public schools, if performance standards are not met, the charter is revoked, said school is shut down.What’s not to like? It all sounds so good, so promising, and yet there are opponents aplenty.Their numbers include countless public school educators and administrators, and the likes of highly esteemed education historian Diane Ravitch and Carol Burris, executive director of the Network for Public Education Foundation.Another is columnist and Education Law Center senior attorney Wendy Lecker, who writes that, “When charters replace public schools, parents lose their voice in education. Charter boards are not democratically elected. There is no requirement that board members live in the community or answer to parents. Often, corporate members are corporate executives with no children in charter schools.”She goes on to explain: “In reality, choice in the form of charters increases segregation and devastates community public schools in our most distressed cities. As charters have proliferated in predominantly minority cities, children and parents of color bear the brunt of this destruction.”Wherein lies the truth?1. Today, charter schools operate in 43 states and educate some 3.1 million children.2. Between the school years 2003-04 and 2013-14, public charter schools grew from 3.1% to 6.6%.3. Between those same years, the total number of such schools increased from 3,000 to 6,900; 15% are for-profit.4. Charters are tuition-free public schools; they do not offer any religious instruction.5. Charters, for the most part, are funded by federal, state, and local taxpayer dollars.6. These schools are open to all children, including English language learners and those with disabilities.7. While open to all, when few seats are available, students are chosen by lottery-the luck of the draw, in other words.8. In school year 2013-14, California boasted 513,400 charter school students, more than any other state and amounting to 8% of all its public school students. D.C. followed with 33,200 such students.9. The number of Hispanic children in charters has increased from 21% to 30%; the number of white students has decreased from 42% to 35%, and for blacks, enrollment is down from 32% to 27%.10. More than 50% of charter students are black and Latino and hail predominantly from urban centers.11. As said, unlike traditional public schools which operate via a central office and a school board, charters do not.12. Authorizers can be non-profits, such as universities, but more often are local school boards that, after evaluating a proposal, gives a charter the go-ahead-or not.13. Charter authorizers cannot be for-profit companies, but can be managed by for-profit companies.14. Once approved, authorizers monitor a charter’s performance and, after several years, determines if a school deserves to remain open.15. A school’s charter is typically reviewed every 3 to 5 years-and revoked if curriculum, achievement standards, and managerial guidelines are not met.16. Teachers can open charter schools.17. Charters are not subject to the same regulations as traditional public schools.18. Charters design their own curriculum and decide which companies to do business with in terms of food and paper suppliers, and the like.19. According to the Stanford University’s 2015 Online Charter School Study, 70% of those online students are falling behind their traditional public school peers, losing the equivalent of 72 days in reading in a typical school year and 180 days in math.And now comes Greg Toppo’s USA Today top-of-the fold, front page headline: “Few charter school grads earn degrees: High school success often fails students when they reach the college level.”So much for all the charter school hype, right? Actually, though, that headline may be misleading.Read down to the article’s sixth paragraph and find this: “Statistics for charter schools are hard to come by, but the best estimate puts charters’ college persistence rate at about 23%. To be fair, the rate overall for low-income students-the kind of students typically served by charters-is even worse: just 9%. For low-income, high-minority urban public schools, most comparable to charters, the rate is 15%.”To be fair, indeed, and given those poverty and incarceration rates introduced initially, can any school, charter or otherwise, produce consistently top-notch performance results?

Carol is a learning specialist who worked with middle school children and their parents at the Methacton School District in Pennsylvania for more than 25 years and now supervises student teachers at Gwynedd-Mercy University and Ursinus College. Along with the booklet, 149 Parenting School-Wise Tips: Intermediate Grades Up, and numerous articles in such publications as Teaching Pre-K-8 and Curious Parents, she has authored three successful learning guidebooks: Getting School-Wise: A Student Guidebook, Other-Wise and School-Wise: A Parent Guidebook, and ESL Activities for Every Month of the School Year. For more information and resouces, go to